国际物流国际化的效率
发布时间: 2019-03-24 14:31   已有 人次浏览   
The first stage in the history of international logistics development -- from the 1950s to the early 1980s. In this stage, logistics facilities and logistics technology have been greatly developed. Distribution centers have been established, and electronic computers have been widely used for management. Three-dimensional unmanned warehouses have appeared. The improvement of logistics system has promoted the development of international trade, logistics activities have exceeded the scope of a country, but the trend of logistics internationalization has not been paid attention to.
 
The second stage -- from the early 1980s to the early 1990s. With the development of economy and technology and the expansion of international economic exchanges, the trend of logistics internationalization has become the common flow of the world
 
The problem. According to the United States, a professor at the university of Michigan's wave of sox, into the 80 s, the U.S. economy has lost its prosperous development momentum, in a crisis of long-term decay, therefore, must be emphasized to improve the international logistics management, reduce the product cost, and to improve service, expand sales, in the fierce international competition to win. At the same time, Japan is in a mature period of economic development. To build a country based on trade, Japan needs to realize the internationalization of logistics in line with its foreign trade. A series of measures have been taken, such as establishing logistics information network, strengthening logistics total quality management and so on, to improve the efficiency of logistics internationalization. This stage of logistics internationalization trend is limited to the United States, Japan and some developed countries in Europe.
 
Stage three. The concept and importance of international logistics in this stage have been generally accepted by governments and foreign trade sectors. Trade partners all over the world, the inevitable requirement of logistics internationalization, namely logistics facilities internationalization, logistics technology internationalization, logistics service internationalization, cargo transportation internationalization, packaging internationalization and circulation processing internationalization and so on. Countries around the world widely carry out international logistics theory and practice of bold exploration. People have reached a consensus that only by carrying out extensive international logistics cooperation can the world economy prosper and logistics have no borders. International logistics
 
Only after the second world war did international economic exchanges become more and more extensive and active. Especially after the oil crisis in the 1970s, the original concept of transporting necessary goods could not adapt to the new requirements, and systematic logistics entered the international field in this period.
 
The 1960s began to form a large number of international logistics, logistics technology in the emergence of large logistics tools, such as 200,000 tons of oil tanker, 100,000 tons of ore ship and so on.
 
 
, late in the seventy s, the field of international logistics in the aviation logistics under the new situation, a substantial increase in basic don't continue to expand through put cases appeared fine "logistics", the logistics of mechanization and automation level, at the same time, along with the change of the idea about the new age people demand, focus on solving the international logistics "small batch, high frequency, many varieties of logistics, modern logistics not only covers a large number of goods, groceries, and also covers many varieties of goods, basic covers all logistics objects, solve the problem all the logistics of modern logistics.
 
Another major development in the field of international logistics in the 1980s and 1990s is the emergence of logistics information and electronic data interchange (EDI) system accompanying international intermodal logistics. The role of information enables logistics to develop in the direction of lower cost, higher service, greater quantification and more refinement. This problem is more prominent in international logistics than in domestic logistics. Almost every activity of logistics is supported by information. It can be said that international logistics has entered the logistics information age.
 
System, on this basis, the construction of international supply chain, the formation of international logistics system, international logistics level has been further improved.国际物流发展的第一阶段——从20世纪50年代到80年代初。在这一阶段,物流设施和物流技术得到了很大的发展。建立了配送中心,电子计算机广泛应用于管理。立体无人仓库已经出现。物流体系的完善促进了国际贸易的发展,物流活动已经超出了一个国家的范围,但物流国际化的趋势却没有得到重视。
 
 
第二阶段——从80年代初到90年代初。随着经济技术的发展和国际经济交往的扩大,物流国际化的趋势已成为世界的共同潮流
 
 
这个问题。教授根据美国密歇根大学的波袜,到80年代,美国经济已经失去了它的繁荣发展势头,在危机的长期腐烂,因此,必须强调提高国际物流管理,降低产品成本,并改善服务,扩大销售,在激烈的国际竞争中取胜。与此同时,日本正处于经济发展的成熟期。日本要建设以贸易为基础的国家,就需要实现与对外贸易相适应的物流国际化。通过建立物流信息网络、加强物流全面质量管理等一系列措施,提高了物流国际化的效率。这一阶段的物流国际化趋势仅限于美国、日本和一些欧洲发达国家。
 
 
三个阶段。现阶段国际物流的概念和重要性已被各国政府和外贸部门普遍接受。世界各地的贸易伙伴,物流国际化的必然要求,即物流设施国际化、物流技术国际化、物流服务国际化、货物运输国际化、包装国际化和流通加工国际化等。世界各国广泛开展国际物流理论与实践的大胆探索。人们普遍认为,只有开展广泛的国际物流合作,世界经济才能繁荣发展,物流无国界。国际物流
 
 
只有在第二次世界大战后,国际经济交往才变得越来越广泛和活跃。特别是20世纪70年代的石油危机之后,原有的运输必需品的概念已经不能适应新的需求,系统化的物流在这一时期进入了国际领域。
 
 
20世纪60年代开始形成了大量的国际物流,物流技术在大型物流工具的出现,如20万吨油轮、10万吨矿砂船等。
 
 
 
在七十年代末,国际物流在航空物流领域的新形势下,大幅提高基本不继续扩大物流量情况下出现“物流”,物流机械化和自动化水平,与此同时,随着观念的变化对新时代人们的需求,重点解决国际物流“小批量,高频率,许多品种的物流,现代物流不仅涵盖了大量的商品、杂货,而且涵盖了多种商品,基本涵盖了所有的物流对象,解决了现代物流的所有物流问题。
 
 
20世纪80年代和90年代国际物流领域的另一项重大发展是伴随国际多式联运物流而出现的物流信息和电子数据交换(EDI)系统。信息的作用使物流朝着低成本、高服务、量化、精细化的方向发展。这一问题在国际物流中比在国内物流中更为突出。几乎每一项物流活动都是由信息支持的。可以说,国际物流已经进入了物流信息化时代。
 
 
在此基础上,构建国际供应链,形成国际物流体系,进一步提高了国际物流水平。