国际物流的速度将成倍增长,效益将显著提高
发布时间: 2019-03-24 14:48   已有 人次浏览   
Environmental differences
 
One of the most important characteristics of international logistics is the difference in logistics environment, especially in soft environment. Different logistics applicable laws in different countries make the complexity of international logistics much higher than that of a country's domestic logistics and even block international logistics. Different countries with different levels of economic and technological development will lead to international logistics under the support of different scientific and technological conditions, and even some regions simply cannot apply certain technologies and force the decline of the level of the international logistics system as a whole; Different standards in different countries also cause difficulties in international "integration", thus making it difficult to establish an international logistics system; The customs and cultures of different countries also greatly limit international logistics.
 
International logistics
 
International logistics
 
Due to the differences in the logistics environment, an international logistics system needs to operate in several environments with different laws, cultures, customs, languages, technologies and facilities, which will undoubtedly increase the difficulty and complexity of the logistics system.
 
Wide system range
 
Logistics itself the function of the elements, the system of communication with the outside world is very complex, international logistics and then increase the elements of different countries on this complex system, this is not only the region of the broad space and broad, and the internal and external factors involved more, required for longer periods of time, a wide range of direct consequence is the difficulty and complexity increases, increased risk.
 
Of course, it is precisely because of this, once international logistics is integrated into modern system technology, its effect is more significant than before. For example, after the opening of a certain "land bridge", the speed of international logistics will be multiplied and the benefits will be significantly increased, which illustrates this point.
 
Higher standardization requirements
 
In order to make international logistics smooth, unified standards are very important. It can be said that without unified standards, the level of international logistics is not high. The United States, Europe has basically achieved a unified standard of logistics tools, facilities, such as pallets using 1000 1200 mm, several unified specifications of containers and barcode technology, etc., in this way, greatly reduce the logistics costs, reduce the difficulty of transport. And the country that does not draw close to this one standard, must be in transhipment, change a lot of respects such as car bottom to want to spend time and cost more, reduce its international competition ability thereby.
 
In terms of logistics information transfer technology, European countries not only achieve the standardization within enterprises, but also between enterprises and the standardization of the European single market, which makes the system between European countries easier and more effective than its exchanges with countries in Asia and Africa.
 
International information system support
 
International information system is a very important supporting means for international logistics, especially for intermodal transport. The difficulty of establishing an international information system is the difficulty of management and the huge investment. Moreover, due to the high level of logistics information in some regions of the world and the low level of logistics information in some regions, the information level is not balanced, so it is more difficult to establish an information system.
 
At present, a better way to establish the international logistics information system is to be connected with the public information system of the customs of various countries, and keep abreast of the actual situation of various ports, airports, intermodal lines and stations, so as to provide support for the decision of supply or sales logistics. International logistics is the earliest field to develop "electronic data exchange" (EDl). International logistics based on EDI will have a significant impact on the internationalization of logistics.环境的差异
 
 
国际物流最重要的特征之一就是物流环境的差异性,尤其是软环境的差异性。不同国家物流适用法律的不同,使得国际物流的复杂性远远高于一国国内物流的复杂性,甚至阻碍了国际物流的发展。不同的国家、不同的经济技术发展水平会导致国际物流在不同的科学技术条件的支持下,甚至有些地区根本无法应用某些技术,迫使整个国际物流体系的水平下降;不同国家标准的差异也给国际“一体化”带来困难,难以建立国际物流体系;不同国家的风俗和文化也极大地限制了国际物流。
 
 
国际物流
 
 
国际物流
 
 
由于物流环境的不同,一个国际物流系统需要在不同的法律、文化、风俗习惯、语言、技术和设施等多种环境下运行,这无疑会增加物流系统的难度和复杂性。
 
 
系统范围宽
 
 
物流本身的功能要素、系统与外界的沟通是非常复杂的,国际物流,然后这个复杂系统上增加不同国家的要素,这不仅是广阔的空间和广阔的区域,以及内部和外部的因素更多,需要的时间更长,范围广泛的直接后果是难度和复杂性增加,风险增大。
 
 
当然,正因为如此,一旦国际物流融入现代系统技术,其效果就比以往更加显著。例如,某“陆桥”开通后,国际物流的速度将成倍增长,效益将显著提高,这就说明了这一点。
 
 
更高的标准要求
 
 
为了使国际物流顺利进行,统一的标准是非常重要的。可以说,没有统一的标准,国际物流水平并不高。美国、欧洲已经基本实现了物流工具、设施的统一标准,如托盘使用1000 1200 mm,集装箱的几种统一规格和条形码技术等,这样,大大降低了物流成本,降低了运输的难度。而不接近这一标准的国家,必须在转运中,改变车底等许多方面要花费更多的时间和成本,从而降低其国际竞争力。
 
 
在物流信息传递技术方面,欧洲国家不仅实现了企业内部的标准化,还实现了企业与欧洲单一市场之间的标准化,这使得欧洲国家之间的系统比与亚非国家的交流更容易、更有效。
 
 
国际信息系统支持
 
 
国际信息系统是国际物流特别是多式联运的重要支撑手段。国际信息系统建设的难点是管理的难点和巨大的投资。此外,由于世界上一些地区的物流信息水平较高,而一些地区的物流信息水平较低,因此信息水平不均衡,建立信息系统就更加困难。
 
 
目前,一个更好的方法来建立国际物流信息系统是与各国海关的公共信息系统,和了解各个港口的实际情况,机场、联运线路和站点,为供应或销售物流决策提供支持。国际物流是最早发展“电子数据交换”(EDl)的领域。基于EDI的国际物流将对物流的国际化产生重大影响。